Your baby 0-1 year

All about scoliosis in babies

All about scoliosis in babies

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Contrary to popular belief, scoliosis does not only affect adolescents and adults: it can also appear in the first months of baby's life. Fortunately, in the vast majority of cases, scoliosis of the infant is without the least gravity.

Scoliosis of baby: what symptoms?

  • Scoliosis refers to a deviation of the spine due to the rotation of a larger or smaller number of vertebrae.
  • The scoliosis of the baby may remain asymptomatic for many months, but parents often observe that their baby bends systematically in an arc when they lie down, their head always turned to the same side. When they try to turn his head in the other direction, he is obviously embarrassed (a torticollis can accompany scoliosis).
  • To note: as baby always has the head resting on the same side, his skull can slightly flatten. This is not very serious, because this deformation can be corrected quite easily by simply helping baby to change position regularly. In addition, it does not present a danger for the cerebral development of baby.

Scoliosis of the baby: how to explain it?

  • In the vast majority of cases, scoliosis of the baby is idiopathic. By "idiopathic" it is necessary to understand "of unknown cause". Most often, it occurs between 3 and 6 months: it may be due to a bad fetal position, as if baby had been "molded" (in English, it is called "molded baby") in the uterus.
  • Much more rarely, baby scoliosis may be related to a disease such as myopathy (muscle disease), for example, or a congenital malformation of its spine.

Scoliosis of baby: diagnosis and treatment

  • After examining the baby, the doctor will probably ask for X-rays of his spine to confirm the diagnosis of scoliosis. Complementary examinations are also often required to investigate the possible cause of scoliosis (eg, MRI).
  • In the most classic case (idiopathic scoliosis reported before 6 months), it is almost never necessary to treat scoliosis because, in the majority of cases, it resorbs itself before the age of 2 years. .
  • The first signs of improvement often appear when the baby's muscular development allows him to sit on his own. However, it is necessary, as a precaution, to regularly monitor the evolution of scoliosis (usually it is necessary to count a radiograph and a clinical examination every 1 to 3 months until the disappearance of scoliosis).
  • It also happens that scoliosis occurs between 6 months and 3 years: this form of infant scoliosis is very rare, but requires special attention because the chances of spontaneous healing are lower. At the slightest sign of worsening of scoliosis on the X-ray, the pediatrician will prescribe a treatment adapted to correct the deformation of the spine. There are several possible approaches depending on the severity of scoliosis, but in general, the treatment is mainly based on the wearing of a corset for some time and physiotherapy sessions.